How to Create Dynamic Dropdown in React Native?

Hello Dev’s , today now in this example, i will show how we can create a dynamic dropdown in react native. Here i will help you and give an example of react native dynamic dropdown example. Here I would like to show you an example of how to implement dynamic dropdown in react native application. Now in this example i will help you dynamic dropdown example in our react native app. Here you just need to follow some step to done this and know how to use dynamic dropdown in react native.

So let’s start and following the example:

Step 1: Download Project

Now in the first step need to run the following command to create a project.

expo init ExampleApp
Step 2: Install Axios

Then at first, we need to install the axois them in our project:

npm install axios
Step 3: Install Dropdown

Now in this step, we need to install the dropdown them in our project:

npm install react-native-element-dropdown --save

we also need to install vector icons to set the icon in the Dropdown option:

npm i react-native-vector-icons

We need to also use any bundled Icon:

import this:

import AntDesign from 'react-native-vector-icons/AntDesign';
Step 4: App.js

Now in this step, we will open our App.js file and then put the code.

import React, { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import { Button, ScrollView, StatusBar, StyleSheet, Text, View } from 'react-native';
import { Dropdown } from 'react-native-element-dropdown';
import { TextInput } from 'react-native-paper';
import AntDesign from 'react-native-vector-icons/AntDesign';
import axios from 'axios';

const App = () => {

    // TextInput Field Hooks
    const [title, setTitle] = useState('');
    const [category_id, setCategoryId] = useState('');
    const [description, setDescription] = useState('');
    const [category, setCategory] = useState([]);
    const [Focus, setFocus] = useState(false);
    const [loading, setLoading] = useState(true);

    // Store Data  
    const [post, setPost] = useState([]);
    const [sucessMsg, setSucessMsg] = useState('');

    // Validation Error Hooks
    const [categoryIdErr, setCategoryIdErr] = useState(null);
    const [titleErr, setTitleErr] = useState(null);
    const [descriptionErr, setDescriptionErr] = useState(null);

    useEffect(() => {
        setLoading(true);
        axios.get('//codingspoint.com/api/post/create')
            .then(response => {
                var count = Object.keys(response.data).length;
                let dropDownData = [];
                for (var i = 0; i < count; i++) {
                    dropDownData.push({ value: response.data[i].id, label: response.data[i].name }); // Create your array of data
                }
                setCategory(dropDownData);
            }).catch(error => {
                console.log(error.response);
            }).finally(() => setLoading(false));
    }, []);

    const createPostHandler = () => {
        setLoading(true);
        axios.post('//codingspoint.com/api/post', {
            category_id,
            title,
            description,
        }).then(response => {
            console.log(response.data);
            setPost(response.data.post);
            setSucessMsg(response.data.message);
        }).catch(error => {
            setCategoryIdErr(error.response.data.errors.category_id);
            setTitleErr(error.response.data.errors.title);
            setDescriptionErr(error.response.data.errors.description);
            console.log(error.response);
        }).finally(() => setLoading(false));
    }

    return (
        <ScrollView style={styles.container}>
            <View style={styles.container}>
                <View style={styles.innerContainer}>
                    <Text style={[styles.success, sucessMsg ? styles.bgSuccess: null  ]}>{sucessMsg}</Text>
                    <Dropdown
                        data={category}
                        style={[styles.dropdown, Focus && { borderColor: 'blue' }]}
                        placeholderStyle={styles.placeholderStyle}
                        selectedTextStyle={styles.selectedTextStyle}
                        inputSearchStyle={styles.inputSearchStyle}
                        iconStyle={styles.iconStyle}
                        search
                        maxHeight={300}
                        labelField="label"
                        valueField="value"
                        placeholder={!Focus ? 'Select Category' : '...'}
                        searchPlaceholder="Search..."
                        value={category_id}
                        onFocus={() => setFocus(true)}
                        onBlur={() => setFocus(false)}
                        onChange={item => {
                            setCategoryId(item.value);
                            setFocus(false);
                        }}
                        renderLeftIcon={() => (
                            <AntDesign
                                style={styles.icon}
                                color={Focus ? 'blue' : 'black'}
                                name="Safety"
                                size={20}
                            />
                        )}
                    />
                    {categoryIdErr &&
                        <Text style={{ color: 'red' }}>{categoryIdErr}</Text>
                    }
                    <View style={styles.inputContainer}>
                        <Text style={styles.inputLabel}>Title:<Text style={{ color: 'red' }}>*</Text></Text>
                        <TextInput
                            label='Enter Title'
                            mode='outlined'
                            onChangeText={text => setTitle(text)}
                            value={title}
                        />
                        {titleErr &&
                            <Text style={{ color: 'red' }}>{titleErr}</Text>
                        }
                    </View>
                    <View style={styles.inputContainer}>
                        <Text style={styles.inputLabel}>Description: <Text style={{ color: 'red' }}>*</Text></Text>
                        <TextInput
                            label='Enter Description'
                            mode='outlined'
                            multiline
                            style={{ minHeight: 150 }}
                            onChangeText={text => setDescription(text)}
                            value={description}
                        />
                        {descriptionErr &&
                            <Text style={{ color: 'red' }}>{descriptionErr}</Text>
                        }
                    </View>
                    <View style={styles.inputContainer}>
                        <Button
                            title='submit'
                            onPress={createPostHandler}
                        />
                    </View>
                    <StatusBar />
                </View>
            </View>
        </ScrollView>
    );
}

const styles = StyleSheet.create({
    container: {
        paddingTop: 70,
        paddingHorizontal: 5,
        flex: 1,
        backgroundColor: '#40d6ea'
    },
    innerContainer: {
        borderRadius: 20,
        paddingVertical: 60,
        paddingHorizontal: 20,
        backgroundColor: 'white'
    },
    dropdown: {
        height: 50,
        borderColor: 'gray',
        borderWidth: 0.5,
        borderRadius: 8,
        paddingHorizontal: 8,
        backgroundColor: 'white'
    },
    icon: {
        marginRight: 5,
    },
    label: {
        position: 'absolute',
        backgroundColor: 'white',
        left: 22,
        top: 20,
        zIndex: 999,
        paddingHorizontal: 8,
        fontSize: 14,
    },
    placeholderStyle: {
        fontSize: 16,
    },
    selectedTextStyle: {
        fontSize: 16,
    },
    iconStyle: {
        width: 20,
        height: 20,
    },
    inputSearchStyle: {
        height: 40,
        fontSize: 16,
    },
    inputContainer: {
        marginTop: 10,
    },
    inputLabel: {
        fontSize: 17,
    },
    success: {
        textAlign:'center',
        marginBottom:10, 
        padding:10,
        color:'white',
        borderRadius:10, 
    },
    bgSuccess: {
        backgroundColor:'#228822d6',
    }
});

export default App;
Run Project

So in the last step we need to run our project by using the below command.

expo start

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About Shahriar Sagor

My name is Shahriar sagor. I'm a developer. I live in Bangladesh and I love to write tutorials and tips that will help to other Developer's. I am a big fan of PHP, Javascript, JQuery, Laravel, Codeigniter, VueJS, AngularJS and Bootstrap from the early stage.

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