Laravel Cron Job Task Scheduling

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Today now in this blog, I will show you how to create Cron Job Task Scheduling in laravel application. Here i will give you simple example of how to create cron job task scheduling with laravel application. Now here i will create a example step by step of cron job by using laravel task scheduling.

So now we can easily  create a cron job task scheduling in any laravel application. Why we need to use cron job? and what is the benefit to use cron jobs in laravel application and we know how to setup cron job in laravel application? If you have this question then here i will explain why. Many times we need to send notifications or need to send email automatically to users for any update property or items. So at that time we can define some basic logic for each days or hours etc. It will run and it will send email notification.

So here the blow example of cron job task scheduling

Step 1 : Install Laravel Application

Now here i am going from scratch, So that i need to get fresh Laravel application by using bellow command, So that’s time open your terminal OR command prompt and then run bellow command:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog
Step:2 Create New Command

So now this step, we need to create a our custom command. Which custom command will execute with task scheduling scron job. So, let’s run the bellow command to create a new custom command.

php artisan make:command DemoCron --command=demo:cron

Now after the make some changes on Command file.

following path: .app/Console/Commands/DemoCron.php

<?php
   
namespace App\Console\Commands;
   
use Illuminate\Console\Command;
   
class DemoCron extends Command
{
    /**
     * The name and signature of the console command.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $signature = 'demo:cron';
    
    /**
     * The console command description.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $description = 'Command description';
    
    /**
     * Create a new command instance.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function __construct()
    {
        parent::__construct();
    }
    
    /**
     * Execute the console command.
     *
     * @return mixed
     */
    public function handle()
    {
        \Log::info("Cron is working fine!");
     
        /*
           Write your database logic we bellow:
           Item::create(['name'=>'hello new']);
        */
      
        $this->info('Demo:Cron Cummand Run successfully!');
    }
}
Step 3: Register as Task Scheduler

So now here in this step, we need to define our commands on our Kernel.php file with the time when we want to run our command like as bellow functions

->everyMinute();Run the task every minute
->everyFiveMinutes();Run the task every five minutes
->everyTenMinutes();Run the task every ten minutes
->everyFifteenMinutes();Run the task every fifteen minutes
->everyThirtyMinutes();Run the task every thirty minutes
->hourly();Run the task every hour
->hourlyAt(17);Run the task every hour at 17 mins past the hour
->daily();Run the task every day at midnight
->dailyAt(’13:00?);Run the task every day at 13:00
->twiceDaily(1, 13);Run the task daily at 1:00 & 13:00
->weekly();Run the task every week
->weeklyOn(1, ‘8:00’);Run the task every week on Tuesday at 8:00
->monthly();Run the task every month
->monthlyOn(4, ’15:00?);Run the task every month on the 4th at 15:00
->quarterly();Run the task every quarter
->yearly();Run the task every year
->timezone(‘America/New_York’);Set the timezone

following path: /app/Console/Kernel.php

<?php
   
namespace App\Console;
    
use Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Console\Kernel as ConsoleKernel;
    
class Kernel extends ConsoleKernel
{
    /**
     * The Artisan commands provided by your application.
     *
     * @var array
     */
    protected $commands = [
        Commands\DemoCron::class,
    ];
     
    /**
     * Define the application's command schedule.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule  $schedule
     * @return void
     */
    protected function schedule(Schedule $schedule)
    {
        $schedule->command('demo:cron')
                 ->everyMinute();
    }
     
    /**
     * Register the commands for the application.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    protected function commands()
    {
        $this->load(__DIR__.'/Commands');
     
        require base_path('routes/console.php');
    }
}
Step 4: Run Scheduler Command For Test

Now here we are ready to run our cron. So now we can manually check by using following command of our cron. so let’s run the bellow command

php artisan schedule:run

Next we run above command, we can check log file where we are already print some text. Now so open your log file it looks like as bellow:

following path: /storage/logs/laravel.php

[2019-04-24 03:46:42] local.INFO: Cron is working fine!  
[2019-04-24 03:46:52] local.INFO: Cron is working fine!  
[2019-04-24 03:46:55] local.INFO: Cron is working fine!

Now at last we can manage this command on scheduling task,so we need to add a single entry to our server’s crontab file:

* * * * * php /path/to/artisan schedule:run 1>> /dev/null 2>&1
OR
* * * * * cd /path-to-your-project && php artisan schedule:run >> /dev/null 2>&1

Read Also : Laravel Pagination with Ajax Example

Thank you read.Hope it will help you. Also follow on facebook

About Shahriar Sagor

My name is Shahriar sagor. I'm a developer. I live in Bangladesh and I love to write tutorials and tips that will help to other Developer's. I am a big fan of PHP, Javascript, JQuery, Laravel, Codeigniter, VueJS, AngularJS and Bootstrap from the early stage.

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